CREO Architecture

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legislation batteries

Already since 1991, EU has underlined with Directive 91/157/EEC the responsibility of battery producer by limitation and ban of certain harmful substances in batteries put on the market. Because of missing results in collection of discarded batteries containing heavy metal, EU authorities discussed further steps for more than 10 years. Consultation of all stakeholders ended up in a final passage of EU-Directive 66/2006/EU in parliament in September 2006. This directive turned the key from pollution prevention to sustainable development, taking into account that thousand of tons discarded batteries each year represent a significant source of valuable secondary raw materials.

This directive has to be implemented into national legislation in all 28 member states.

The key elements of Directive 66/2006/EU are:

> ban of certain metals in batteries (Hg,Cd)
> mandatory registration of battery producer/importer

> mandatory labeling and capacity marking
> mandatory report of battery sales by chemistry
> producers responsibility for battery collection with defined targets:

25% collection rate in 2012
45% collection rate in 2016


> prohibition of battery disposal or incineration
> obligation to recycle all kind of portable and industrial batteries
> quality requirements for recycling facilities in terms of:

- facility management
- Recycling Efficiency (RE): process efficiency to optimize the proportion of recovered materials

The directive has been in force in Germany with act:

"Gesetz über das Inverkehrbringen, die Rücknahme und die umweltverträgliche Entsorgung von Batterien und Akkumulatoren (Batteriegesetz – BattG)", issued 30.06.2009

In line with its resource efficiency strategy and also to specify the quality of recycling procedures, parliament has adopted REGULATION (EU) No 493 in 2012. This regulation is laying down rules to calculate the material efficiency of battery recycling processes and need to be met first time for year 2014.

More info at http://euroalert.net/en/ojeu.aspx?idd=20766